STOP VIOLENCE AGAINST HINDUS OF PAKISTAN

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BRIEF OVERVIEW OF SINDH AND PAK HINDU COMMUNITY

Sindh is the third largest province in Pakistan on basis of area. It covers 141, 000 square km. It is the second largest province on basis of population.

Before proceeding further, note the quality of data collection in Pakistan is poor and the variances from one source to the other can be wide. Therefore, the statistics provided here are based on the writer's best judgement on the reliability of data.

It is estimated Pakistan had a population of 181 million in 2014. Sindh has a population of around 50-to-55-million, of which 2.5-to-2.7-million are Hindus. It is also estimated 95% of Pakistan's Hindus live in Sindh. The Hindu share of Sindh's population is estimated at 5-to-6-percent.

Sindh had a Hindu population of as much as 25% at pre-Partition in 1947, though once again the writer could not find reliable data to vouch for this number.

Within the Hindu population, it is estimated 2.0-to-2.2 million are "dalits" or lower-caste. The overwhelming majority of lower-caste Hindus are agricultural workers and are illiterate.

Sindhis (Muslims and Hindus) are estimated to comprise about 55-to-60-percent of Sindh's population. The other large community in Sindh are the Mohajirs, who comprise the descendants of Urdu-speaking immigrants who came from north India immediately after Partition in 1947. There are also large Pakhtoon, Punjabi and Baluchi populations in Sindh.

The capital city of Sindh is Karachi. It is Pakistan's largest commercial hub and main port.  With an estimated population of 23-million, it is ranked one of the largest cities in the world. The city attracts migrants from the four corners of Pakistan. Unsurprisingly, Sindhis are a minority in this city. The Hindu population is estimated 80, 000-100, 000.

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